January 17, 2014
by Reduce
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Smooth sailing: Rough surfaces that can reduce drag

From the sleek hulls of racing yachts to Michael Phelps’ shaved legs, most objects that move through the water quickly are smooth. But researchers have found that bumpiness can sometimes be better. Continue reading

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January 17, 2014
by Reduce
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Vitamin D supplements reduce pain in fibromyalgia sufferers

Researchers say vitamin D may be cost-effective treatment or adjunct for patients with fibromyalgia syndrome and low vitamin D levels. Continue reading

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January 17, 2014
by Reduce
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Statin use reduces delirium in critically ill patients

Continued use of statins may help prevent delirium in critically ill patients who received statins before hospital admission, according to a new study of 470 intensive care patients in the UK. Continue reading

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January 15, 2014
by Reduce
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Coevolution between humans, bacteria reduces gastric cancer risk, research suggests

Researchers studied two Colombian villages and discovered that the risk of gastric cancer (caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria) depends on both the ancestry of the person and the ancestry of the microbe they carry. All villagers had similar rates of… Continue reading

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January 13, 2014
by Reduce
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Study seeks best way to reduce asthma medication

An American national study is underway to better understand how to help asthma patients reduce their medications, when appropriate, while controlling the disease and its costs. Continue reading

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January 12, 2014
by Reduce
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Iran sets date to reduce uranium stocks

As of January 20, “for the first time in almost a decade, Iran’s nuclear program will not be able to advance,” says U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry.

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January 7, 2014
by Reduce
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Microbe community changes may reduce Amazon’s ability to lock up carbon dioxide

A new paper looks for the first time at the reaction of free-living nitrogen-fixing microorganisms called diazotrophs to the conversion of rainforests to pastureland in the Amazon. Researchers found big changes to the diazotroph communities that they s… Continue reading

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December 30, 2013
by Reduce
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Slower-paced meal reduces hunger but affects calorie consumption differently

According to a newly published study, eating at a slower rate reduces hunger, but affects calorie consumption differently in normal and overweight/obese people. Continue reading

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December 19, 2013
by Reduce
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New data compression method reduces big-data bottleneck; outperforms, enhances JPEG

In creating an entirely new way to compress data, a team of researchers has drawn inspiration from physics and the arts. The result is a new data compression method that outperforms existing techniques, such as JPEG for images, and that could eventuall… Continue reading

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December 18, 2013
by Reduce
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Scientists reduce protein crystal damage, improve pharmaceutical development

Researchers have identified a method for protein crystallography that reduces damage to the protein crystal. This will allow crystals to be studied for longer periods of time as researchers study protein structures for new pharmaceuticals. Continue reading

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December 9, 2013
by Reduce
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Home testing devices could monitor epilepsy, drug levels, reduce clinical visits

Medications remain the mainstay of epilepsy treatment, and to date there are no FDA-approved devices that provide an accurate means of detection for generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS), or convulsions, during activities of daily living. Two new st… Continue reading

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December 5, 2013
by Reduce
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Study aims to reduce stress in high-risk, high-poverty schools

Researchers will launch a pilot study to test the effects of an intervention targeted to reduce school-wide stress. Continue reading

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December 2, 2013
by Reduce
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Reforestation in Lower Mississippi Valley reduces sediment

A modeling study shows that reforesting the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley can significantly reduce runoff from agricultural lands and the amount of sediment entering the area’s rivers and streams — and ultimately the Gulf of Mexico. Continue reading

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December 2, 2013
by Reduce
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Blocking antioxidants in cancer cells reduces tumor growth in mice

Researchers report the effects of a SOD1 pharmacological inhibitor on non-small-cell lung cancer cells. Continue reading

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November 28, 2013
by Reduce
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Improved safety measures by mental health providers help reduce suicide rates

Mental health service providers looking after patients at risk of suicide need to reduce absconding on in-patient wards and boost specialist community services like crisis resolution to reduce deaths, a report shows. Improved treatments are also needed… Continue reading

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November 27, 2013
by Reduce
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Modafinil reduces depression’s severity when taken with antidepressants

A new study has concluded that taking the drug modafinil, typically used to treat sleep disorders, in combination with antidepressants reduces the severity of depression more effectively than taking antidepressants alone. Continue reading

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November 26, 2013
by Reduce
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Lowering stand density reduces mortality of ponderosa pine stands

As trees grow larger in even-aged stands, competition develops among them. Competition weakens trees, as they contend for soil moisture, nutrients, and sunlight. Competition also increases trees’ risk to bark beetles and diseases, and subsequently lead… Continue reading

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November 26, 2013
by Reduce
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Government grants reduce HIV risks for teenage girls in South Africa

A study finds that English government grants in Southern Africa reduce HIV risks for teenage girls. The study involved 3,515 young people between 2009-12 in urban and rural parts of two South African provinces. They found teenage girls from households … Continue reading

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November 25, 2013
by Reduce
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Hands off, please: Friendly information signs reduce vandalism on scientific equipment

Behavioral biologists conducting research in the field often depend on state-of-the-art techniques. Damage to or theft of technical equipment represents a dramatic financial and scientific loss. Researchers decided to find out whether the information c… Continue reading

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November 21, 2013
by Reduce
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Daily online testing boosts college performance, reduces achievement gaps

A study finds daily online quizzes help students of all socioeconomic backgrounds improve grades. Continue reading

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